A Peek Inside a Few Checkbooks
A "Boring" Industry that Looks like a Great Investment
A Potential Investment in this Sector
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If you want to know where an industry is headed, just peek inside a few checkbooks.
If companies are reining in their spending, they might be saving pennies for a rainy day. But when an entire sector starts forking over unusually large amounts for expansion projects, it's sending a crystal clear signal: Business is strong.
I've found one of those signals in an unlikely place ...
On March 28, energy firm Williams Companies (WMB) announced $320 million in plant upgrades to daily supply Nova Chemicals with 17,000 barrels of ethane and ethylene.
The very same day, Chevron (CVX) and ConocoPhillips (COP) revealed intentions to jointly develop a world-class ethylene production plant on the Gulf Coast.
Just a week later, Westlake Chemical (WLK) unveiled an expansion and remodeling plan that will boost output at its ethane "cracker" facility in Lake Charles, Louisiana, by hundreds of millions of pounds annually.
Two weeks later, Brazil's firm Braskem (BAK) disclosed plans for an ethylene plant in the United States.
Not to be outdone, Dow Chemical (DOW) pledged to restart idle ethylene facilities and outlined an entire series of ambitious petrochemical projects on the horizon.
One company upping its spending might be an isolated case. Two or three making big investments could be coincidental. But when five major players act in unison, it's no accident--they're unmistakably enthusiastic about the future.
As an investor, that message is loud and clear.
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Russian Nuclear Crisis to Hit the U.S. in 2013
I don't know if you're aware of this or not, but a 20-year energy agreement between the United States and Russia is about to expire. Problem is, this deal supplies 31 million Americans with electricity. When the Russians refuse to renew the agreement, the U.S. will face an entirely new kind of energy crisis. This disruption could send a handful of energy stocks through the roof.
Here's what's going on ...
The production of petrochemicals is rather dull. But we come in contact with them every day, most commonly in solvents, detergents, adhesives, lubricants, fibers and plastic.
The most commercially important petrochemical is ethylene, which goes into everything from plastic bags to milk jugs to PVC pipes. When you think of the countless packages on supermarket shelves alone, it's easy to see why global consumption of the petrochemical exceeds well over 120 million tons annually.
So is demand for plastic containers about to take off? Not really, although it has been rising at a steady clip. The real reason that profits are set to boom isn't that prices are going up, it's that costs are going down. Way down.
You see, petrochemical plants need basic raw materials before they can turn out finished goods. In Europe and Asia, most plants use heavy feedstocks that track oil prices, like naphtha. By contrast, U.S. facilities typically run on light feedstocks derived from natural gas liquids (NGLs).
The development of massive shale gas reserves in the United States has pushed natural gas prices through the floor, even as Europe's benchmark Brent crude oil prices have blasted through $120 per barrel.
That "edge" to U.S. producers is big. Investment research firm Alembic Global Advisors notes ethylene production now costs about $600 per ton in the United States--about half the cost of overseas production.
The domestic petrochemical industry has been in a long slumber. But falling costs have reawakened the sector. The projects I touched on earlier will in some cases mark the first round of ethylene expansion since 1995--more than 15 years ago.
One of the obvious beneficiaries is the aforementioned Dow Chemical. Dow has its hands in just about everything, but I'm most interested in Dow's dominant position in polyethylene, the world's most commonly used plastic.
Dow's plastics unit alone brings home approximately $10 billion in annual sales. Nearly three-fourths of that is generated in Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. But much of the firm's manufacturing activity takes place in the U.S. and Canada, home to abundant low-cost natural gas feedstock.
It shouldn't be a surprise that margins have risen for seven straight quarters ... and shares of this "boring" company are up 52% since August. But I think there's more to come.
Editor, Scarcity & Real Wealth
P.S. One surprising fuel cost I'm expecting to soar is uranium. Supply is likely to fall short of demand starting next year. And during the next 10 years, the uranium market faces a possible cumulative deficit of 500 million pounds. Get the investment facts here.